7 Must-try brain health exercises for superior mental fitness

Improving your mental fitness is as crucial as maintaining your physical health. Just as you exercise your body to strengthen muscles and increase endurance, engaging in specific activities can boost your brain’s performance. This boosts areas like memory, concentration, and overall cognitive abilities.

Here, we introduce seven effective brain health exercises that are easy to integrate into your daily life and can lead to superior mental fitness. These exercises are not only accessible but also varied enough to suit different preferences and lifestyles.

Each one offers unique benefits, ensuring there’s something for everyone to help maintain and enhance mental acuity.

As you read on, consider which of these might best fit into your routine, and feel free to experiment with different combinations to keep your mental workout engaging and effective.

What is the best mental exercise for the brain?

The best brain health exercise is a combination of activities that challenge your cognitive skills and stimulate new neural connections.

Engaging in various tasks, such as solving puzzles, playing strategy games, learning new skills, and practicing mindfulness, can all significantly enhance brain function. Each of these activities targets different areas of the brain, ensuring comprehensive cognitive development and maintenance.

Maintaining your mental fitness is just as important as taking care of your physical health [1]. Like the muscles in your body, your brain also needs regular exercise to perform at its best. 

Let’s explore seven brain health exercises that are easy to incorporate into your daily routine and can lead to superior mental fitness.

1. Crossword puzzles and sudoku

Sudoku and crossword puzzles are great resources for maintaining mental acuity. These puzzles challenge different aspects of cognitive functioning, offering a fun and effective way to enhance brain health

Engaging regularly with these puzzles can:

  • Boost problem-solving skills – Crosswords and Sudoku require you to think critically, which strengthens your ability to work through complex problems.
  • Improve memory and focus – Finding solutions in these puzzles demands attention to detail and the ability to recall information, naturally improving memory.
  • Offer flexibility in difficulty levels – Whether you’re a beginner or a seasoned pro, there’s always a puzzle that’s right for your skill level, keeping you adequately challenged.
  • Encourage daily brain exercise – They are easily accessible, whether in a newspaper, a book, or through an app, making it simple to incorporate a few minutes of brain exercise into your routine.

Regularly integrating these activities into your daily life can enhance mental agility and improve cognitive skills.

2. Meditation and mindfulness

Stress reduction and improved mental clarity can be achieved through the effective practices of mindfulness and meditation. These techniques help you focus on the present, allowing for a break from the constant flow of thoughts that can cloud your mind. 

Regular practice can lead to significant benefits, including:

  • Stress reduction – Focusing on breath and body sensations during meditation can significantly lower stress levels, promoting a calm mind [2].
  • Improved concentration – Mindfulness exercises enhance your ability to pay attention to tasks and details, which can increase productivity and learning efficiency.
  • Emotional stability – By observing your thoughts without judgment, you learn to detach from emotional reactions, leading to greater emotional resilience.

You can start with just a few minutes each day, and it’s easy to increase the duration as you get more comfortable with the process. Apps and local classes can also help guide your practice. 

meditation and mindfulness
Photograph: Wavebreakmedia/Envato

3. Learning new skills

Acquiring new abilities is not only stimulating but also very beneficial to the wellness of your brain. Whether you pick up a new language, start playing a musical instrument, or explore a craft like painting or knitting, each new activity helps to strengthen your brain.

Here are some key benefits of learning new skills for your brain health:

  • Enhances cognitive flexibility – Learning something new forces your brain to adapt and think in different ways, which improves your ability to switch between tasks effectively.
  • Boosts memory and brain capacity – The challenge of acquiring new skills increases neural activity, which can forge new neural pathways and increase brain plasticity.
  • Increases mental longevity – Regular mental stimulation is linked to a longer cognitive lifespan, potentially reducing the risk of cognitive decline with age.

Community classes, online tutorials, and apps make it easier than ever to start learning new skills. Engaging regularly in these activities can enrich your life and keep your mind sharp.

4. Physical exercise

Doing physical activity is essential for keeping the brain healthy. Regular activity not only helps your body but also profoundly impacts your cognitive functions. Here’s how engaging in physical activities can benefit your brain health:

  • Enhances mood and reduces stress – Exercise releases endorphins, the body’s natural mood lifters, which can alleviate symptoms of depression and anxiety.
  • Improves focus and concentration – Activities that get your heart pumping increase the flow of blood and oxygen to your brain, which can help sharpen your alertness and readiness to tackle mental tasks.
  • Boosts memoryRegular physical exercise can enhance the growth of new brain cells and help prevent age-related decline.

Integrating physical exercise into your daily routine can be simple, whether it’s a brisk walk, a bike ride, or a yoga session [3]. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise most days of the week for optimal benefits to both your body and brain.

5. Brain-training apps

Apps for brain training are a contemporary method of improving cognitive abilities through regimented, game-like activities. These apps target areas such as memory, problem-solving, attention, and processing speed with various engaging tasks.

Below is an overview of some popular brain-training apps, each with unique features that cater to different aspects of mental fitness:

DuolingoAlthough primarily a language learning tool, Duolingo utilizes mini-games and lessons to teach new languages, effectively engaging cognitive processes involved in learning and memory. 
CogniFitThis app focuses on training and assessing cognitive skills such as memory, concentration, and mental agility.
LumosityLumosity provides a tailored experience with games designed to enhance problem-solving, memory, attention, flexibility, and speed.
ElevateElevate aids in tracking mental fitness, identifying growth areas, and highlighting achievements. Its free version offers three daily games with simple metrics.
MemoradoMemorado specializes in memory improvement with over 20 games. Users can set personal training goals and follow a customized schedule that adapts to their individual needs and skills, starting with an initial assessment to tailor the experience.

Here are some brain health benefits you might experience with these brain-training apps:

  • Improves mental agility – Regular use of brain-training apps can help speed up your ability to process information and make decisions.
  • Enhances memory skills – Many games are designed to improve both short-term and long-term memory by practicing complex thought processes.
  • Offers flexible training – You can use these apps at your convenience, customizing your daily or weekly brain workout to fit your schedule.

Including these apps in your daily routine might be an enjoyable and practical approach to increasing cognitive function.

6. Social interaction

Having social interaction is essential to keeping the brain healthy. Engaging with others enriches your life and stimulates your mind [4]. Here are some ways that staying socially active can boost your cognitive functions:

  • Reduces risk of depression and anxiety – Regular contact with friends and family can provide emotional support and reduce feelings of isolation.
  • Keeps your mind active – Conversations and social activities challenge your brain, keeping it sharp and engaged.
  • Enhances memory and cognitive skills – Interacting with different people encourages you to remember details and stories, which improves your memory.

Whether you join a club, volunteer, or simply make it a point to see friends and family regularly, nurturing your social connections is crucial. 

Even digital interactions, such as video calls and social media, can be beneficial if they foster genuine connections. Making social interaction a priority can help maintain a healthy and active brain.

7. Nutritional diet

A healthy diet is essential for preserving the best possible state of brain function. Feeding your brain the right foods can boost its function and protect against cognitive decline. Here’s how you can support your brain through diet:

  • Incorporate omega-3 fatty acids – Found in fish like salmon and sardines, these fats are essential for maintaining brain function and rebuilding cells.
  • Eat plenty of antioxidants – Berries, nuts, and vegetables are rich in antioxidants that help combat oxidative stress, which can damage brain cells [5].
  • Choose whole grains – Foods like oatmeal, whole-grain bread, and brown rice provide glucose, the brain’s preferred fuel source, helping to enhance focus and concentration.

Adding these foods to your diet can contribute significantly to brain health, supporting everything from memory enhancement to increased cognitive function. Making these dietary choices part of your regular eating habits can have lasting benefits for your brain.

nutritional diet
Photograph: ckstockphoto/Envato

How do I start my brain health exercises?

Starting brain health exercises is a straightforward process that can significantly benefit your cognitive function. To begin, choose activities that you find enjoyable and challenging.

Start with just a few minutes each day and gradually increase the duration as you become more comfortable with the exercises. This gradual integration helps form a habit, making it easier to maintain a regular practice that nurtures your brain’s health.

Integrating brain health exercises into your daily routine can seem daunting at first, but with a few simple strategies [6], you can easily make these activities part of your life. Here are practical steps to get started:

  • Decide what you want to improve, whether it’s memory, problem-solving, or stress management. This focus will help you choose the most effective exercises.
  • Just as you might for physical exercise, carve out specific times in your day for brain training. A little 10 to 15 minutes can have a significant impact.
  • Take advantage of apps for meditation, brain training, and learning new skills. They facilitate practicing anywhere and at any time.
  • Keep your brain engaged by mixing different types of exercises. Combine mental challenges like puzzles or learning with physical activities such as walking or yoga.
  • Engage friends or family in your brain health activities. This could be working on puzzles together, joining a class, or discussing a book.

Starting with these steps can help make brain health exercises a regular and enjoyable part of your routine, leading to better mental fitness and overall well-being.

Closing thoughts

Maintaining your brain health is just as important as taking care of your physical well-being. The exercises we’ve explored—ranging from puzzles and meditation to physical activity and a nutritious diet—offer a comprehensive approach to enhancing cognitive functions and overall mental fitness.

Enhancing your brain health is a lifelong process. There’s no one-size-fits-all approach, so feel free to adapt these suggestions to what feels best for you.

Encourage your friends and family to join you in these brain-boosting activities. Together, you can enjoy a journey toward enhanced mental clarity, improved memory, and greater emotional well-being.


How often should I practice meditation to see benefits for my brain health?

Practicing meditation daily, even for just a few minutes, can be beneficial. Consistent practice helps to reduce stress and improve concentration.

Can learning new skills really help prevent cognitive decline?

Yes, learning new skills stimulates the brain and builds neural pathways, which can help delay the onset of cognitive decline. Activities like learning a language or playing an instrument are particularly effective.

What type of physical exercise is most beneficial for brain health?

Aerobic exercises, such as walking, cycling, or swimming, are great for increasing blood flow to the brain and improving cognitive functions. Engaging in these activities several times a week can offer the best benefits.

Are brain-training apps as effective as they claim to be?

Brain-training apps can be effective tools for improving cognitive functions if used consistently. They are most beneficial when combined with other healthy lifestyle practices like physical exercise and proper nutrition.

[1] https://www.healthline.com/health/depression/mental-fitness
[2] https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/meditation/in-depth/meditation/art-20045858
[3] https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/healthyliving/Physical-activity-how-to-get-active-when-you-are-busy
[4] https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/adult-health/in-depth/friendships/art-20044860
[5] https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/healthyliving/antioxidants
[6] https://medium.com/@peaklabs/incorporating-exercises-for-your-brain-into-your-daily-routine-79c106723881

Photograph: LightFieldStudios/Envato
The information included in this article is for informational purposes only. The purpose of this webpage is to promote broad consumer understanding and knowledge of various health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment and before undertaking a new health care regimen, and never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website.