7 Must-try low-impact exercises for seniors to stay active and healthy

Staying active is crucial at any stage of life, but it takes on a new significance as we age. Low-impact exercises, which are gentle on the body yet highly effective, are a perfect fit for older adults seeking to maintain or improve their health.

Physical activity isn’t just about keeping the heart rate up; it’s a cornerstone of maintaining muscle strength, ensuring joint flexibility, and enhancing mental well-being.

Low-impact exercises offer a safe way for seniors to enjoy all these benefits without the risk of injury that comes with high-impact activities.

What is the best low impact exercise for seniors?

The golden years should be filled with health, vitality, and the freedom to enjoy life’s simple pleasures.

To help achieve this, low-impact exercises are a fantastic option. They offer the benefits of physical activity without the stress on joints and muscles that high-impact workouts can cause.

Here are seven low-impact exercises seniors should try to maintain their health and keep active.

1. Walking

Walking is a fundamental exercise that packs a punch when it comes to health benefits for seniors [1]. It’s as easy as stepping out your front door and as beneficial as any complex workout routine.

Not only does walking bolster heart health, but it also keeps joints flexible and muscles engaged. Best of all, you can tailor it to fit your pace and comfort level. For an effective walking routine:

  • Choose smooth, flat routes to ease the strain on your joints.
  • Wear supportive shoes to protect your feet and improve your posture.
  • Set a steady, manageable pace and gradually increase your distance.
  • Walk regularly to build a routine, aiming for most days of the week.

This simple activity can make a significant impact on maintaining your independence and well-being. So, take the first step today and enjoy the numerous rewards that come with it.

2. Swimming

Swimming stands out as a top-tier, low-impact workout, especially friendly for aging joints. This form of exercise keeps the body buoyant, drastically reducing the stress on hips, knees, and back while still providing an exceptional cardiovascular workout.

The resistance of water also means every stroke is a way to build strength subtly. Here are a few tips to get the most out of swimming:

  • Start with warm-up laps to get your body acclimated to the water.
  • Mix different strokes to engage a variety of muscle groups.
  • Use flotation devices if you’re not confident in your swimming abilities.
  • Consider joining a water aerobics class for structured exercises.

Swimming not only elevates your heart rate and improves stamina but also offers a refreshing break from the summer heat or an invigorating plunge into an indoor pool when it’s cooler. Dive into this heart-healthy routine and swim your way to better fitness.


3. Tai chi

Tai Chi, often described as meditation in motion, is a graceful form of exercise that engages seniors through its slow and deliberate movements.

It’s ideal for those looking to improve balance, flexibility, and peace of mind without the jarring impact of traditional exercises. Here’s what makes Tai Chi an excellent choice:

  • The slow pace allows for increased focus on breath and movement.
  • It enhances stability, lowering the risk of falls.
  • The gentle motions aid in stress reduction and mental clarity.
  • It’s adaptable to all fitness levels and can be done indoors or outdoors.

Consider starting Tai Chi with a qualified instructor to guide you through the sequences and ensure you’re moving safely and effectively [2].

As you flow from one posture to the next, you’ll likely notice a sense of calm, along with improved physical coordination—a harmonious blend for overall well-being.

4. Cycling

Cycling is a fantastic way for seniors to boost cardiovascular fitness while minimizing strain on joints.

Whether opting for a stationary bike at home or a leisurely ride in the park, cycling can be easily adjusted to your comfort and fitness levels. To get started with cycling, keep these tips in mind:

  • Ensure the bike is the right fit; adjust the seat and handlebars to avoid any unnecessary strain.
  • Begin with low resistance and gradually build up as your endurance improves.
  • Always prioritize safety—wear a helmet on outdoor rides and follow traffic rules.
  • Incorporate regular breaks, especially on longer rides, to stay hydrated and avoid fatigue.

Cycling not only strengthens the legs but also contributes to overall stamina and well-being.

Plus, it’s a chance to enjoy the outdoors and the sense of freedom that comes with it. So, pedal your way to a healthier life, taking in the scenery as you go.

5. Yoga

Yoga offers seniors a harmonious blend of flexibility, strength, and balance, all of which are key to sustaining a healthy lifestyle.

This practice stretches and strengthens the body, improves posture, and helps with stress management. To incorporate yoga into your routine:

  • Start with beginner classes or videos, focusing on breathing and alignment.
  • Use props like blocks or straps to modify poses as needed.
  • Maintain a regular schedule, even if it’s just a few minutes daily.
  • Celebrate progress, not perfection—listen to your body and respect its limits.

Engaging in yoga can lead to increased joint health, mobility, and even social interaction if you join a group class.

Plus, the calming effects of its meditative aspects can be a wonderful tool for relaxation and mental well-being.

6. Pilates

Pilates is a superb way for seniors to build core strength, improve balance, and maintain spinal health.

Its focus on controlled, precise movements makes it a highly effective low-impact workout. To begin your Pilates journey:

  • Seek out classes tailored for seniors, which focus on low-impact movements.
  • Emphasize proper form to maximize benefits and reduce injury risk.
  • Use mats or machines under the guidance of a certified instructor.
  • Keep movements slow and mindful, coordinating with your breath.

Regular Pilates practice can significantly improve your core stability, which is vital for everyday activities.

It also has the added benefit of enhancing concentration and promoting an overall sense of well-being.

Engaging your core in these gentle exercises can help you maintain an active and independent lifestyle, so consider making Pilates a core part of your exercise regimen.


7. Strength training with resistance bands

Strength training with resistance bands is a safe and effective way for seniors to enhance muscle tone, endurance, and flexibility [3].

These versatile tools offer a range of resistance levels to suit any fitness level, allowing for a customized workout that’s as gentle or challenging as you need. To get started:

  • Select bands with comfortable grip handles or loops.
  • Begin with light resistance to master the movement and prevent strain.
  • Incorporate a variety of exercises to target different muscle groups.
  • Perform movements slowly, focusing on the muscle tension and release.

Including resistance band exercises in your routine can help combat muscle loss and improve overall mobility. It’s also convenient—bands are portable, and you can use them anywhere.

With regular use, you’ll likely notice improvements not just in your physical strength, but also in your ability to perform daily activities with greater ease.

What precautions should the elderly take when exercising?

As we age, our bodies may not respond as quickly as they once did, and our balance, vision, and overall health may start to decline [4].

Therefore, when it comes to staying active, understanding and applying safety measures can ensure that exercise remains a beneficial part of daily life.

  • Staying hydrated

Our sense of thirst may diminish, and we might not realize we’re dehydrated until it’s too late. Drinking plenty of water before, during, and after exercise is vital, especially if you’re active outdoors and it’s warm. Always have a water bottle at hand, and take sips regularly, even if you don’t feel thirsty.

  • Warming up and cooling down

Gentle stretching and warm-up exercises prepare your body for more vigorous activity by increasing blood flow to the muscles and improving flexibility.

Similarly, cooling down after exercise with more stretching and slow movement helps to safely bring your heart rate back down and can reduce the risk of muscle soreness.

  • Wear appropriate gear

Dress in comfortable, loose-fitting clothing that allows for full range of motion. If you’re going to be outdoors, wear appropriate seasonal attire to protect against the elements. Proper footwear is also crucial—shoes should offer good support, non-slip soles, and a comfortable fit.

  • Focus on balance

Exercises that improve balance can help prevent falls, which are a common cause of injury among seniors [5]. Tai chi and yoga are excellent for enhancing balance and coordination. Also, simple balance exercises, like standing on one foot or walking heel to toe, can be done most anywhere.

Final takeaways

Staying active and safeguarding your well-being are not mutually exclusive goals. With the right precautions, seniors can enjoy the countless benefits that come with a healthy and active lifestyle.

Safety should always be a top priority, and it doesn’t have to be complicated. Simple measures like staying hydrated, dressing appropriately, and listening to your body can make a significant difference.

Remember, a little preparation goes a long way. Regular check-ups with your healthcare provider, keeping emergency information accessible, and wearing proper gear can prevent many common exercise-related injuries.

Moreover, a support network isn’t just a safety net; it’s a source of shared experiences and motivation that can enhance your fitness journey.


What is the best low impact exercise for seniors?

The best low-impact exercise for seniors often depends on individual health and preference, but walking is universally recommended for its safety, accessibility, and the minimal strain it places on joints. It provides cardiovascular benefits, strengthens muscles, and can be easily adjusted in intensity and duration to fit one’s personal fitness level.

What exercises are safe for elderly?

Safe exercises for the elderly typically include walking, swimming, gentle cycling, Tai Chi, and seated strength training, which all minimize the risk of injury while promoting cardiovascular and muscular health. 

Can people with arthritis do strength training?

Absolutely, strength training with light resistance and controlled movements can help strengthen the muscles around the joints, which can alleviate pain and improve function in individuals with arthritis.

Why low-impact exercises are good for seniors?

Low-impact exercises are beneficial for seniors as they place less stress on the body, particularly the joints, while still providing the necessary activity to maintain cardiovascular health, flexibility, and muscle strength. These exercises reduce the risk of injury and can be a sustainable way for seniors to stay active and improve their overall well-being.

[1] https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/healthyliving/Walking-the-benefits-for-older-people
[2] https://www.healthline.com/health/exercise-fitness/tai-chi-moves
[3] https://health.clevelandclinic.org/should-you-try-resistance-bands-for-strength-training/
[4] https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/004013.htm
[5] https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/falls-and-fractures-older-adults-causes-and-prevention

The information included in this article is for informational purposes only. The purpose of this webpage is to promote broad consumer understanding and knowledge of various health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment and before undertaking a new health care regimen, and never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website.