Is the Atlantic diet the new Mediterranean miracle?

In recent years, the Atlantic diet has emerged as a potential new dietary trend, garnering attention akin to the famed Mediterranean diet.

While it shares some similarities with its Mediterranean counterpart, the Atlantic diet focuses on seafood, mainly fish, as a primary protein source [1].

Unlike the Mediterranean diet, which emphasizes olive oil as a critical component, the Atlantic diet centers around consuming fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such as mackerel, sardines and salmon.

These fatty acids are renowned for their cardiovascular benefits, including reducing the risk of heart disease and stroke.

The Atlantic diet also advocates consuming other marine-based foods, including seaweed, shellfish and algae. These foods provide a rich array of nutrients, including vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, contributing to overall health and wellbeing.

One of the key principles of the Atlantic diet is its emphasis on locally sourced and sustainable ingredients. This aligns with growing consumer preferences for ethically sourced foods and supports environmental conservation efforts.

Research supporting the health benefits of the Atlantic diet is still emerging. However, initial studies suggest promising outcomes.

For example, a study published in JAMA Network Open found that adherence to the Atlantic diet was associated with a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

This indicates its potential role in preventing chronic diseases and promoting overall metabolic health [2].

In addition, the Atlantic diet’s emphasis on seafood consumption aligns with recommendations from health organizations, such as the American Heart Association, which advocates for incorporating fish into a heart-healthy diet [3].

While the Atlantic diet shows promise, it has its limitations and considerations. Implementing the diet may pose challenges for individuals with seafood allergies or those living in landlocked regions.

Also, ensuring the sustainability of seafood sources is crucial to mitigate environmental impacts and preserve marine ecosystems.

The Atlantic diet presents a potential new dietary paradigm, offering health benefits comparable to the Mediterranean diet. Its focus on seafood and sustainability provides a unique approach to promoting cardiovascular health and overall wellbeing.


Photograph: Nikolaydonetsk/Envato
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